Self-Sustaining Athletic Departments: More Than What Meets the Eye

Yesterday the list of self-sustaining athletic departments came out. The good news is the number grew to eight more schools than last year. The bad news is the number is 22. That’s just shy of 10% of all public Division I institutions.

Here’s a look at the 22 schools who turned a profit in the athletic department without having to rely on student fees or other forms of support from the university (including government funds):

School
Total revenue
Generated revenue
Allocated revenue
Total expenses
Difference
Oregon
$122,394,483
$119,709,341
$2,685,142
$77,856,232
$41,853,109*
Alabama
$130,542,153
$125,562,153
$4,980,000
$98,961,214
$26,600,939
Penn State
$106,614,724
$106,614,724
$0
$88,041,921
$18,572,803
Michigan
$106,874,031
$106,640,861
$233,170
$89,133,850
$17,507,011
Oklahoma State
$106,362,128
$100,708,922
$5,653,206
$83,748,207
$16,960,715
Iowa
$88,735,093
$88,209,386
$525,707
$74,438,196
$13,771,190
Texas
$143,555,354
$143,555,354
$0
$130,436,534
$13,118,820
Oklahoma
$98,512,287
$98,512,287
$0
$87,678,199
$10,834,088
Georgia
$89,735,934
$86,533,389
$3,202,545
$77,250,831
$9,282,558
LSU
$111,030,795
$111,030,795
$0
$102,326,769
$8,704,026
Kansas State
$53,436,790
$50,201,682
$3,235,108
$42,337,682
$7,864,000
Florida
$117,104,407
$112,693,506
$4,410,901
$105,824,376
$6,869,130
Texas A&M
$82,774,133
$82,774,133
$0
$75,941,926
$6,832,207
Arkansas
$78,072,620
$76,377,647
$1,694,973
$71,801,905
$4,575,742
Purdue
$61,653,561
$61,653,561
$0
$58,365,143
$3,288,418
Michigan State
$83,545,892
$83,545,892
$3,348,785
$78,162,447
$2,034,660
Nebraska
$73,483,733
$73,483,733
$0
$71,738,068
$1,745,665
West Virginia
$62,030,104
$57,774,867
$4,255,237
$56,607,917
$1,166,950
Indiana
$69,287,811
$66,905,296
$2,382,515
$65,796,415
$1,108,881
Virginia Tech
$63,613,464
$56,706,913
$6,906,551
$55,738,633
$968,280
Ohio State
$123,174, 176
$123,174, 176
$0
$122,739,754
$434,422
Washington
$64,034,410
$61,851,895
$2,182,515
$61,640,598
$211,297

The chart is courtesy of USA Today.

You know I like to give you more than what most media spoon-feeds you, so here are some thoughts and questions not covered in the USA Today article:

  • Why are some of these schools still taking in student fees when they’re turning a profit? I’ve detailed for you before which athletic departments take in student fees (SEC, Big Ten and Big 12; ACC, Big East, Pac-10). Offenders here: Georgia, Florida, Oregon, Iowa, Oklahoma State, Kansas State, Virginia Tech, and West Virginia. I’m not including Indiana who shows a negligible $23.00 in student fees.
  • This chart does not tell the whole story. It gives a very skewed view of what is going on at these schools. For example, both LSU and Ohio State write checks back to their universities. I recently showed you how Ohio State gave $1 million to library renovation last year, one of nine such payments over a nine-year period, amongst other funds given back to the university. This money is treated just like any other expenditure when it comes to the chart above. So, while Ohio State may appear to be at the bottom of this list, there are plenty of schools above it who have shown no evidence giving back to their university for anything other than required expenses. Also, props to my alma mater, Florida, for donating over $6 million back to the university last year to help cover cuts in its operating budget passed down from the state.
  • The focus of the USA Today piece and much of the commentary I’ve heard about it today is how many schools are out-spending their means. What I see is a clear case for why Division I football is too inclusive. Florida International will never be able to compete against Alabama in football. Period. There’s no reason for them to be in the same Division. 

What are your initial thoughts on seeing the chart above?

Posted on June 16, 2011, in ACC, Big 12, Big East, Big Ten, Finance, Pac-10, SEC. Bookmark the permalink. 41 Comments.

  1. It’s not just student fees. Washington receives about $2 million a year from the state of Washington to offset Title IX costs even though it has operated in the black for years. Florida also (I believe) receives state aid as well. And some of these schools get direct institutional aid.

    I can understand why some of these schools like Indiana and V-Tech would need to rely on allocated revenue (revenue not generated from athletic department) since they are likely year to year on whether or not they are going to operate in the black. But I don’t see any reason why the Alabamas and Michigans of the world keep taking student fees/state support/direct institutional when it’s clear they are not going to need it.

    • Florida receives 0$ from the state for it’s entire athletic program. All of the money is generated from booster donations, tickets, and television contracts. The two money making sports, men’s basketball and football pay for ALL of the other sports programs on campus, and then they still have leftover money to donate to the academic university every year. 6million $ this past year. This means the insane salaries that the head coaches get are fully funded by the sports programs. The state of Florida pays 0$ for them, unlike some schools such as FSU where the state taxpayers have to pay their head coaches salaries.

  2. Washington gets the subsidy because WSU gets the subsidy…it is a fair treatment of public schools by the local government thing.

  3. What it tells me is that the leadership of college football is a joke. These schools have no business taking in student fees when Jim Delany admits in front of congress that these schools are leaving money on the table by not having a playoff system. The AD’s & school presidents should be embarassed.

  4. Since you have this “broad brush” of financial information, do you have the actual statements which show how revenue and expenses are itemized? Which sport is bringing in the most money? Which cost the most? I have my suspicions but would like much more detail.

    • I do have itemized statements for some on this list. Haven’t ever seen a sport other than football or men’s basketball turn a profit. You can use the search box on the right-hand side of the site to search for posts I’ve done on Ohio State and Georgia’s itemized budgets.

  5. Thanks for the post, Kristi.

    i’m always surprised to see business oriented people take an investment by university administrators and turn it into some form of “college spending out of control” argument.

    University administrators invest in the English Department, the Law School, and so on, and in Athletics. There are returns that matter to university administrators that do not show up on the athletic department annual operations.

    It’s really a bit like saying that Ford should shut down the motor division because it doesn’t turn a profit standing alone. Ford vehicles aren’t nearly as valuable at the end of it all without engines. Students and university administrators are less well-off without athletics and the only place to find that value is across the university at large.

    Besides, assuming the university investment is required to make ends meet assumes that ADs would continue to operate at the same level without the university investment shades the discussion. Even Business 101 students know that if a revenue source disappears they must scale back operations.

    Thanks for posting and spending your time creating this forum.

    • Rodney, you’re going to love the business of college football book I’m currenly writing!

      • Kristi, when will you publish your book? Can we get a sneak preview? My next (and first) book will be about “Professional College Football (and Basketball)” players. Maybe we’ll be writing about the same things?

      • Chris Morisette

        When will the book be published? Has a titled been selected?

  6. Why are there no private schools on this list? Are they all in the red, or just didn’t release their financial information?

  7. I got your email about Michigan lacrosse. Looking into this list I want to see what schools could meet the requirement of having the sport. However, I was making a point about national branding in my sport. Oregon tops the list as the most profitable, but is it a national brand to those who don’t know much about college sports? What are merch sales like? I know a lot of Oregon’s money comes from Phil Knight. Is there any way to get the split between donations, merch revenue, and student fees? Merch revenue, while definitely not as significant as donations usually, can be a sign of how successful your school is at making money long term. Beyond that requirement there’s no excuse why Oregon shouldn’t have a team (especially since their team is actually decent at the club level).

    Looking down your list, a lot of the schools are southern schools, which would probably be the last I’d beg to have lacrosse teams (not that I wouldn’t want them to; I just think they’d think ill of me if I started writing about it) except in Florida’s case, and they already have a women’s team so Title IX would be hard to get past for them to establish a men’s team.

    The next two teams on this list I could conceivably see as having teams are Purdue and Michigan State, the latter of which actually fielded a team for some time. The only other two teams I could see are West Virginia and Virginia Tech due to their proximity to lacrosse hotbeds. Penn State and Ohio State both already field teams.

  8. You mention no athletic programs are profitable outside of football and basketball programs. You might take a look at LSU’s baseball program. From what I hear, they are profitable, drawing 10K fans per game and leading the nation in attendance for over 10 years in a row.

    • I think I usually say “generally” they are the only profit-producers, or similar wording. I’m sure there are exceptions here and there, although I haven’t seen them yet. Remember that even if the sport is producing revenue, expenses are high from coaches salaries to scholarship costs. Florida baseball is similar to LSU and still loses money. I believe SC baseball does as well.

      • Actually LSU Baseball does make a profit – 2010…

        Baseball: Budget – $7,455,615.00

        Revenues – $9,303,441.00

        Profits – $1,847,826.00

  9. Thanks For Your Sub *_-

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